Research Blog 3

“The Effect of Duration of Eye Contact on American College Students’ Attributions of State, Trait, and Test Anxiety”

In my first source, I read about the effects that eye-contact had on individuals. One thing that caught my attention from the beginning was how eye-contact is proven to increase peoples self esteem when they are in situations such as interviews etc. This article was published in June of 1995 in the Journal of Social Psychology. The article is based on a study that was carried out whereby people were placed in an interview situation in front of a camera. “All tapes were 60 s long. The model neither spoke nor changed facial expression from neutral; only eye contact was shifted on a signal from a prompter off-camera but peripherally visible to the model.” The main aim of this was to prove that no matter how the individual looked or appeared, eye-contact determined their confidence and self-esteem. Amazingly enough, as eye-contact increased, self-anxiety decreased which is quite astonishing. This article left me with the question of “Does eye contact have an effect on the person who is being looked at?”. Can someones eye contact effect how the other person behaves towards them?

“Public Speaking: Principles of Public Speaking—Delivery”

The above video discusses the impact that body language has on people. I was baffled by the fact that 90% of the information you obtain from a conversation is trough non-verbal cues. The fact that babies can copy facial expressions from as young as one month of age is amazing. This video talks about how difficult it would be to communicate with people if you were unable to understand tone or non-verbal cues. It also talks about the importance of ones body language when giving a speech in order to portray the right message. Somebody who stands up to give a speech and portrays the characteristics of a shy person will lose his/her audience due to lack of confidence. This video was published in 2012 and is now available through the videos on demand section on the libraries website. It is pivotal whilst giving a speech that your facial expression matches the tone of your topic, i.e.: a serious subject matter should coincide with a serious facial expression.

I would say that overall my subject is not changing as I begin to research it further. In all honesty, my guiding question is going down the road that I had imagined for my topic. The relationship between body language and peoples confidence/ self-esteem is pretty constant. Those who tend to portray a confident body language tend to be more assertive in person an easily approachable. Similarly those who are comfortable with eye-contact have a high self-esteem and are not afraid of face-to-face confrontations.


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